peninsula on the European side. Byzantium (now renamed as Nova Roma which eventually became Constantinopolis,.e. So what are you waiting for? Religious foundations were endowed to fund the building of mosques such as the Fatih (1463) and their associated schools and public baths. Kostantiniyye from the "Book of Navigation" by Piri Reis,. 2 It may be derived from a Thracian or Illyrian personal name, Byzas. In a last attempt to protect it, Constantine attacked the enemy sword raised; however he was defeated and killed. With the establishment of the new Turkish Republic, built on a wave of nationalism, there was a mass exodus of much of the Greek and Armenian population from Istanbul, which had ceased to be the capital. 29 Foundations edit "Foundations" is vakifs in Turkish.
A Social History of Ottoman Istanbul (Cambridge University Press, 2010. 28 Ya Esmer Bakml Transeksüelim. For Mehmet II conquest was only the first stage; the second was giving the old city an entirely new cosmopolitan social structure. For generations after they supplied interpreters and diplomats for the Ottoman Court. Jews, Armenians, and Georgians were also targeted. Constantinople and made the new capital of the. Byzantine constantly played Kiev, Poland, Bulgaria, and other European Nations of that time, against each other. Istanbul: The Imperial City (Penguin, 1998). Because of the failure of the Third Crusade, self-confident western Europeans decided to again try to capture the Holy City of Jerusalem in the Fourth Crusade ; but this time their plan was to capture the Byzantine Empire as well. "The Fall of Constantinople." ml (accessed 2/10/08). The architect Sinan designed many mosques and other great buildings in the city, while Ottoman arts of ceramics and calligraphy also flourished. Since 1930, the native name "Istanbul" has been the sole official name of the city in Turkish and has since replaced the traditional name "Constantinople" in most western languages as well.
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